Location and Topography
Stockport lies in the extreme south east of Greater Manchester and stretches from the Cheshire Plain in the south west to the foothills of the Pennines, bordering Derbyshire, in the east. At its lowest point in the Mersey Valley at Gatley, the borough is only 33 metres above sea level (asl) but rises to 327 m (asl) on Mellor Moor.
The borough has the highest proportion of Greater Manchester's broadleaved semi-natural woodland, much of which is classified as ancient woodland.
The Peak Forest Canal runs through the heart of the borough. The Rivers Etherow, and Goyt flow through Stockport. The River Mersey has its source in Stockport and is formed from the confluence of the Rivers Tame and Goyt. Small areas of species rich neutral grassland and lowland heath occur, both of which are rare habitats in Greater Manchester. Moorland (Upland heath and blanket bog) can be found in the east of the borough along the border wit h Derbyshire. Ludworth Moor SBI supports the only bogs found in Stockport.
Stockport is one of the few districts where Ancient and/or Species rich hedgerows can be found.
Stockport retains a significant population of farmland bird species which have disappeared from many other districts. It is also one of the few areas of the county where the magnificent Red Deer may be seen, as well as Fallow Deer. The many ponds support a good range of amphibians, with reptiles such as Grass Snake also recorded.
Rare species of plant occur such as Rough Chervil, Rough Hawksbeard, and Greater Burnet Saxifrage. These are not found elsewhere in Greater Manchester. Ludworth Moor SBI is one of the few sites in Greater Manchester where Cranberry grows.
Seven species of Bat have also been recorded in Stockport, with structures in the town centre providing roost sites for Daubenton's and other species.